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Glycolysis
Enzymes:
1. Hexokinase
2. Phosphoglucoisomerase
3. Phosphofructokinase
4. Aldolase
5. Triose phosphate isomerase
6. Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase
7. Phosphoglycerate kinase
8. Phosphoglycerate mutase
9. Enolase
10. Pyruvate kinase
Compounds:
ATP
ADP
Glucose
Pyruvate

Pyruvate, Pyruvic acid

published: 21 Nov 2011 (16:32)

Pyruvate, pyruvic acid overview

Pyruvate or pyruvic acid is involved in one of the central biochemical pathway. Pyruvate is an intermediate of the glycolysis. Pyruvate can be converted to lactate of ethanol by lactate dehydrogenase or by pyruvate decarboxylase + alcohol dehydrogenase, respectively.

Recent experiments carried by Gunter Wachtershauser shows, that pyruvic acid can be synthesized without living organisms. Iron-rich soil together with hot evaporation from thermal vents can synthesize the pyruvic acid.

Pyruvate, general properties

Chemical name: 2-oxopropanoic acid
α-ketopropionic acid
acetylformic acid
pyroracemic acid
Pyr
Chemical formula C3H4O3
Molecular weight 88.06 g/mol
Density 1.25 g x cm-3
Melting point 11.8°C
Boiling point 165°C
Smiles CC(C(O)=O)=O

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